Prison Overcrowding Essay
2352 Words10 Pages
In the 1970s and 1980s, a massive amount of inmates began fillin up the United States prison systems. This huge rate of growth in this short amount of time, has greatly contributed to the prison overcrowding that the United States faces today. In fact, the prisons are still filled to the seams. This enormous flood of inmates has made it practically impossible for prison officials to keep up with their facilities and supervise their inmates. One of the main reasons why many prisons have become overcrowded is because of states’ harsh criminal laws and parole practices (Cohen). “One in every 100 American adults is behind bars, the highest incarceration rate in the world” (Cohen). The amount of inmates in corrections systems, throughout the…show more content…
One major problem of prison overcrowding is the effect it has on prison organizational stability. The more prisoners and people put in jail have made it harder for prison guards and staff to monitor and control them. The entire prison system must make enormous changes in order to accommodate for the number of inmates versus the number of prison guards (O’Leary). This often results in a misclassification of offenders. Many who come through the system are classified based on the amount of space available instead of on the security level and programs that would be most suitable for them (Howard). “It is not uncommon to find inmates, classified as medium security, incarcerated in maximum security institutions, while other inmates are in medium security who were previously considered candidates for maximum security” (Howard). Misclassifying offenders often leads to “slow progress through the corrections system as well as a slow exit” (Howard). This in turn only prolongs and increases the overcrowding problem (Howard). The corrections programs should be reformed to meet the needs of the inmates rather than the inmates having to adjust to meet the requirements of the system. Offenders need to be on specific rehabilitation programs that are customized to fit their needs, such as alcohol and drug abuse programs and so forth.
While the inmates have to suffer the effects of overcrowding, so do the
Show MorePrison overcrowding is a serious issue that is rapidly growing in the United States. Since the 19th Century it has been plaguing the criminal justice system and has rolled over to our modern prison system. Overcrowding is more complex than what people see on the outside looking in. There are multiple reasons that contribute to the increase population of inmates. Throughout the years, there has been an ongoing debate on what the causes are and how they can be improved. Since the early years, prison populations have been rising at an enormous rate. There are numerous causes and little is being done about it. Some of these causes are the increase rate of previous criminals returning after being released, more criminal offenses are being…show more content…
For instance, conflict builds and they start competing for limited resources because there might be a chance they might get denied access to a program that only offers a certain amount of open space. With more people in prison there is a more chance someone will not get the opportunity to participate in a self-improvement program or a rehabilitation program. There is usually three different types of programs; vocational, academic, and employment. These programs are paid through our tax payers to help build up an inmate so when they are released they have work experience and an education as high as a G.E.D. Most of the people going through the system are young males between the ages of twenty and thirty, uneducated and majority minorities. Unfortunately, competing is not the worst thing that happens in an overcrowding prison. Usually when there starts to be an overbearing of people, there is a large increase in the number of reported suicides and murders that take place within the walls of the prison. From the outside looking in prison just seems like a place where people stay incarcerated and do their time until they are released. Although, in actuality there is a lot more parts and reasons why our prisons are overflowing. Problems are becoming overwhelming and there is a large return rate of criminals to the prisons. Once the inmate is released from prison, they usually